Homing In

The Art and Science of Radio Direction Finding (RDF)

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Provided by Joe Moell, ham radio callsign KØOV. (That's K-zero-O-V)

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Latest RDF News Headlines

WC22 iconOn May 9, 2022, the Amateur Radio Union of Serbia announced that it was cancelling plans to host the 20th IARU ARDF World Championships in Zlatibor from August 28 through September 3, 2022.  The pandemic surge in Asia and the war in Europe have created a situation where an adequate number of participants would be unlikely to attend.  IARU Region 1 officials are seeking another host country but success appears unlikely.  Two dozen persons had been invited to be on ARDF Team USA for these championships.  Get more details in this site.

CQ cover Radio-O Results and photos of the annual "Antennas In The Park" two-meter transmitter hunt and barbecue at Hillcrest Park in Fullerton on May 14, 2022 and the on-foot two-meter transmitter hunting session in Felicita County Park in Escondido on May 21 are now in this site.  For earliest notification of these events, you can join the southern California ARDF mailing list.  This Homing In site also has results and photos of previous nearby radio-orienteering events, including the Yuma Hamfest foxhunt on February 19, 2022.

CQThe May 2022 issue of CQ Amateur Radio Magazine is now online and is scheduled for mailing to print subscribers.  In it, my Homing In column has ideas that hiders can use to bamboozle mobile T-hunters.  It's all in good fun, of course.  Some ham radio stores may also have the February 2022 issue, in which my column tells the story of the 2021 USA ARDF Championships in North Carolina.  COVID didn't deter these intrepid radio-orienteers.  My column on radio direction finding appears in CQ Magazine at least four times per year.  CQ Magazine is available by subscription and printed issues are sold in Amateur Radio stores.  CQ is also available by subscription in digital form, viewable on PC, Mac, iPad, iPhone and Android.  I welcome your input for future articles and columns, so please continue to send me your news of mobile and on-foot transmitter hunt activities.

THRDFS cover NPSPrince William Forest Park in Triangle, Virginia was the site of this year's USA ARDF Championships.  Backwoods Orienteering Klub organized these radio-orienteering events to take place from April 7 through 10, 2022.  The courses were open to anyone of any age who can safely navigate through the forests with a map, compass and direction-finding gear.  Medal winners in twelve age-gender categories are under consideration for ARDF Team USA, which will travel to Serbia for the next World ARDF Championships in September, 2022.  Get more information and links to results here.

CQ-WWFWStart making plans for your participation in the 25th CQ Worldwide Foxhunting Weekend (CQ WW FW), May 14-15, 2022.  This annual event is an ideal time for ham clubs and non-club groups around the country to enjoy this fast-growing sport.  Read the announcement at this site and my article in the February 2022 issue of CQ Magazine.  Whether you choose mobile T-hunting or on-foot radio-orienteering, be sure to get out of the shack and have an outdoor adventure during the CQ WW FW.

AMArducon is a new Arduino-based transmitter controller designed by NZØI and WB8WFK specifically for ARDF on both two meters and 80 meters.  It can be remotely controlled via DTMF and features transmit sequences for all ARDF events including classic, foxoring and sprint.  A novel modulator board will convert the two-meter FM carrier from a handi-talkie into AM in compliance with IARU rules.  Plans and user manual are online and in CQ Magazine for December 2021.  Circuit boards have been built and tested and are expected to be made available.

 

Quick Links to Information for Beginners
What Do You Want to Do?

CQ Mag April 2009 Learn about international-rules on-foot hunting (ARDF, radio-orienteering) and how the sport is organized

Obtain RDF equipment for two-meter hunting on foot UPDATED

Attend a southern California on-foot transmitter hunt

Participate in national and world championship hunts

Learn about mobile transmitter hunting (T-Hunting) and the equipment that hunters use

Attend a southern California two-meter mobile T-hunt

Buy or build a two-meter "fox" transmitter

Learn about 80-meter transmitter hunting

Top-Hit Transmitter Hunting Topics

USA ARDFMore and more hams and orienteers are discovering the fun of tracking down hidden transmitters out in the woods.  It's a worldwide sport with opportunities for friendly competition at home and abroad.  A ham radio license isn't a requirement, but it makes it lots more fun.  Learn the basics and get the international hunt rules at the "International Style Transmitter Hunting Comes to the Americas" page of this site.
 

FRCThe Southern California T-Hunts for Beginners page has has information about three monthly mobile hidden transmitter hunts in the Orange County area where first-timers are especially welcomed and encouraged.  On two of them, there are usually some clues to help everyone eventually find the transmitter and on one, you can compare bearings with other hunters on a separate frequency.  Mount some RDF gear on your vehicle and come on out!

AppsEasy-to-use apps for Apple and Android tablets and phones can simplify bearing plotting and triangulation over short and long distances.  They are useful for both on-foot and mobile transmitter hunting.  Bearings can be entered manually or with the internal device compass.  Some apps allow entering bearings taken by other hunters or networing with them during the hunt.  One new app has an RS-232 interface to Doppler RDF sets. Read all about Foxhunt Pro, SigTrax Plus and Map-n-Compass apps in this updated compilation of Homing In columns.

T-hunting vehicleMobile hidden transmitter hunters have regularly prowled the streets in search of the elusive sources of unusual signals for more than four decades.  Equipment has evolved, but the adventure and intrigue remain the same.  Read "T-Hunting Then and Now -- From Gooney Birds to GPS" in this site for stories of classic mobile T-hunts in the Los Angeles area.  Some of them, but not all, could be done again today.  Then to find out what it's like nowadays, and to help get your club started in this activity, read "Transmitter Hunting, Southern California Style."

Ammo-can foxWhen it's your turn to hide the transmitter, what will you use?  It depends on the range and duration of the hunt, as well as whether or not the transmitter must be unattended and automatic.  It's important to match your foxbox and its location to the level of proficiency of the hunters.  There are many options, and you can read about them in the Foxboxes for Mobile and On-foot Transmitter Hunts page in this site.
 

Foxoring mapFor three decades, international-rules radio-orienteering competitions have had two major competition days.  Each participant must compete on the two-meter band and the 80-meter band.  The 2012 USA and World ARDF Championships included competitions in two new events:  sprints and foxoring.  The sprint is a shortened form of the five-fox 80-meter ARDF run that's intended to be a demonstration for the public.  Foxoring is a combination of classic orienteering and direction-finding on 80 meters.  More information about these new events can be found here.

Dual-polarization QuadFor over twenty years, I have used a special cubical quad for mobile transmitter hunting on two meters.  From inside the vehicle, I can select the signal polarization.  Find out why this is important, why I like this antenna and how to make one for yourself in a classic Homing In column titled "Build a Multiple-Polarization Quad."


DFjrThe Agrelo DFjr Doppler RDF set has been out of production for over ten years, but there is still a great deal of interest in it.  DFjr was the first inexpensive plug-and-play Doppler set designed for interface to computer mapping systems and APRS. For those who own one or are considering buying a used one, the DFjr page on this site has a downloadable manual, my 73 Magazine review, antenna system improvements, and frequently asked questions about this product.

There are over 100 additional fact-filled pages in this site, including techniques, product information and build-it-yourself projects for radio direction finding.  For the complete Table of Contents and site search, click or scroll down.

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What's "Homing In?"

Homing In refers to the process of tracking down the source of a radio or other electromagnetic signal using radio direction finding (RDF) equipment.

Homing In is also the title of my regular column on RDF that ran for 15 years in 73 Amateur Radio Today magazine, then for ten years in CQ-VHF magazine and now appears quarterly in CQ-Plus digital magazine.  At this Homing In site, you will find more about these columns, plus RDF articles that I have written for other publications, including Monitoring Times, CQ VHF and QST magazines.  There is also information about my comprehensive book on the subject.

Start of a mobile T-huntRadio direction finding is used to find sources of interference to any form of wireless electronic communications, including broadcast and two-way radio, television, and telephones.  It is also used to track missing or stolen cars and other property.  Search and rescue workers use it to find persons in distress.  Emergency Locator Transmitters in downed aircraft are tracked with RDF techniques.

Most of the information at this site pertains to RDF equipment and techniques for Amateur Radio (ham) operators.  Hams use RDF to track jamming stations and stolen equipment, but more often, they use it just for fun.  Hidden transmitter hunting has been done by hams for about seventy years and it is a growing activity. T-hunting refers specifically to hunts involving hams driving in RDF-equipped vehicles.  A mobile T-hunt is best described as hide-and-seek for all ages with radio gear.  When you set out on a T-hunt, you never know where you'll end up, and you have no idea what you're going to find.  No form of ham radio contesting is more fun!  Mobile T-hunting is done in cities and towns all over the USA, and elsewhere in the world.  Depending on the frequency band and the nature of the hunt, the hunters use loop, yagi, quad, doppler and time-difference-of-arrival RDF antenna systems mounted on their vehicles.  Click here for for general information about mobile T-hunting or click here for beginner-level T-hunts in southern California.

Start of an on-foot hamfest huntMobile T-hunting is called foxhunting in some parts of the USA, but everywhere else in the world, the terms "foxhunting" and ARDF refer to another kind of RDF contest, done completely on foot in large woods and parks.  It's a map-and-compass sport similar to orienteering, with about a half-dozen "fox" transmitters to find in a period of two hours or so.  Someday this sport, which is also called foxtailing, fox-teering and radio-orienteering, may become an Olympic event.  Meanwhile, it's a fun-filled activity for your hamfests and Scout Jamborees.  Try it, and you may find yourself at the next annual national USA ARDF Championships.  You might even become a member of ARDF Team USA, which has competed in five foxhunting World Championships.  Click here for for general information about radio-orienteering or click here for beginner-level ARDF events in southern California.

Keep reading---you will find lots more about foxhunting, T-hunting, and other uses of RDF at this site.

What's at the Homing In Site?

Find your topic of interest below in the complete Table of Contents (or as some call it, the Site Map). Or you can Click here for the Site Search page.

Getting Started -- The basics

RDF Topics in Print -- Read all about it

Home-built RDF Projects -- Inexpensive and educational

Commercial RDF Equipment -- Getting the most from it

Follow-up and Support -- for readers of THRDFS and Homing In

Championship Radiosports -- Taking on the world

Results, stories and photos of ARDF sessions, large and small

Volunteer Opportunities -- Use your RDF skills to help researchers and protect wildlife

Other resources

Spending a few minutes at this Homing In site will give you a jump-start into the world of transmitter hunting.  After that, you can find out how to get involved in mobile T-hunts in your area by visiting local T-hunt/foxhunt web sites and contacting nearby Homing In Correspondents listed on the links page.  You'll find manufacturers and suppliers of RDF gear there, too.

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Joe MoellWho is KØOV? A registered professional electronic engineer and an active Amateur Radio enthusiast since age 11, Joe Moell KØOV has 55 years of experience designing radio-frequency circuits and systems for broadcast, communications, and radar, ranging from near-DC through microwave frequencies.  He has designed new devices for radio direction finding and has written about RDF and other topics for almost every ham radio publication in the USA.  In February 1998, he was appointed by the American Radio Relay League (ARRL) as the USA's first ARDF Coordinator, to promote international-style foxhunting and to organize Team USA for international ARDF competitions.  He also conducts the annual CQ Worldwide Foxhunting Weekend.

Joe collaborated with Tom Curlee WB6UZZ to write TRANSMITTER HUNTING---Radio Direction Finding Simplified, a comprehensive text on RDF, and has written over 280 published articles on the subject, including his monthly Homing In columns that ran for 15 years in 73 Amateur Radio Today magazine, then for ten years in CQ-VHF magazine, for one year in CQ-Plus digital magazine and now appears four times per year in CQ Magazine.  As a Technical Advisor to ARRL Headquarters, he authored a chapter on RDF for The ARRL Handbook and has made more than 100 presentations on transmitter hunting to clubs, conventions, classes and seminars.  As time permits, he is available for private engineering consulting.

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Surfing suggestion: For a quick start into the world of RDF and mobile hidden transmitter hunting, jump to Let's Go T-Hunting.

Please note that this Web site is built and maintained independently by Joe Moell. It is not sponsored by or affiliated with CQ Publications, 73 Amateur Radio Today, Wayne Green Enterprises, TAB/McGraw-Hill, ARRL, or any other commercial or non-commercial entity. All content is protected by applicable intellectual property laws.

Entire site Copyright © 1996-2021 Joseph D. Moell. Text, photos and original graphics may not be served or reproduced elsewhere without permission.

COOL HAM Award StudySphere Award BEST HAM Award Contact info:
Joe Moell
PO Box 2508
Fullerton, CA 92837
k0ov@homingin.com

 

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This page updated 26 May 2022

 

 

 

Mobile T-Hunting | ARDF/Radio-O | CQWWFW | Local Events | Wildlife Tracking | Projects
Site Map | About | News | Results | Foxboxes | FAQs | Book | Articles | Mail Lists | Links | Search | Contact